1. Describe the guarantees stated in Article VIII.

2. Explain what Article XI recommends.

3. Discuss Article XII.

4. Should war breakout between the United States and Mexico a second time, what does the United States suggest should happen with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?

5. In your opinion, is this treaty fair? Why?

see attached file

1. Describe the guarantees stated in Article VIII. 2. Explain what Article XI recommends. 3. Discuss Article XII. 4. Should war breakout between the United States and Mexico a second time, what does t
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; February 2, 1848 The United States of America and the United Mexican States animated by a sincere desire to put an end to the calamities of the war which unhappily exists between the two Republics and to establish Upon a solid basis relations of peace and friendship… have, under the protection of Almighty God, the author of peace, arranged, agreed upon, and signed the following: Treaty of Peace… ARTICLE VIII : Mexicans now established in territories previously belonging to Mexico, and which remain for the future within the limits of the United States, as defined by the present treaty, shall be free to continue where they now reside, or to remove at any time to the Mexican Republic, retaining the property which they possess in the said territories, or disposing thereof, and removing the proceeds wherever they please, without their being subjected, on this account, to any contribution, tax, or charge whatever. Those who shall prefer to remain in the said territories may either retain the title and rights of Mexican citizens, or acquire those of citizens of the United States. But they shall be under the obligation to make their election within one year from the date of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty; and those who shall remain in the said territories after the expiration of that year, without having declared their intention to retain the character of Mexicans, shall be considered to have elected to become citizens of the United States. In the said territories, property of every kind, now belonging to Mexicans not established there, shall be inviolably respected. The present owners, the heirs of these, and all Mexicans who may hereafter acquire said property by contract, shall enjoy with respect to it guarantees equally ample as if the same belonged to citizens of the United States. Article XI : Considering that a great part of the territories, which, by the present treaty, are to be comprehended for the future within the limits of the United States, is now occupied by savage tribes, who will hereafter be under the exclusive control of the Government of the United States, and whose incursions within the territory of Mexico would be prejudicial in the extreme, it is solemnly agreed that all such incursions shall be forcibly restrained by the Government of the United States whensoever this may be necessary; and that when they cannot be prevented, they shall be punished by the said Government, and satisfaction for the same shall be exacted all in the same way, and with equal diligence and energy, as if the same incursions were meditated or committed within its own territory, against its own citizens… ARTICLE XII : In consideration of the extension acquired by the boundaries of the United States, as defined in the fifth article of the present treaty, the Government of the United States engages to pay to that of the Mexican Republic the sum of fifteen millions of dollars. Immediately after the treaty shall have been duly ratified by the Government of the Mexican Republic, the sum of three millions of dollars shall be paid to the said Government by that of the United States, at the city of Mexico, in the gold or silver coin of Mexico The remaining twelve millions of dollars shall be paid at the same place, and in the same coin, in annual installments of three millions of dollars each… ARTICLE XXII : If (which is not to be expected, and which God forbid) war should unhappily break out between the two republics, they do now, with a view to such calamity, solemnly pledge themselves to each other and to the world to observe the following rules; absolutely where the nature of the subject permits, and as closely as possible in all cases where such absolute observance shall be impossible… Source: Treaties and Conventions between the United States of America and Other Powers Since July 4, 1776 Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1871 1. Describe the guarantees stated in Article VIII. 2. Explain what Article XI recommends. 3. Discuss Article XII. 4. Should war breakout between the United States and Mexico a second time, what does the United States suggest should happen with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? 5. In your opinion, is this treaty fair? Why?

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