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Discussion board 11


In chapter 16, the most interesting part for me is the anti-social personality. Anti-social personality became a more frequently used term in recent years’ studies; Those people with anti-social personalities may be characterized by traits like frequently rule-breaking, challenging activities toward social rules, violent tendencies and impulsivity, etc. When I was a kid, I was characterized by hard-to-control emotions; while my parents told me and let me learn how to control my mood, the term “Violence tendency” and “Anti-social personality” was first introduced to me—as possible aftermath of the failure to control emotions. When I was in middle school, one case happened that brought me a deep understanding of anti-social personality. A college student with a perfect academic record killed several students from his dormitory and surrendered silently later to the police station. When all the schools are enhancing campus safety equipment and start teaching self-protection; we have to admit that psychological consulting is still lacking for most people, but we actually need it.

Another trait of Anti-social personalities person is hiding their intentions. The student who killed several dorm mates won’t be diagnosed with ASPD as long as he didn’t do that, but actually, people like them still surround us. An anti-social personality disorder is an aggressive and dangerous mental disorder; more than this, it brought social problems too. Finally, even though there’s no effective and useful pathway to treat anti-social personality disorder, I believe ASPD patients can be treated through smooth and proper psychological consulting.


Discussion 11 Module


I found Chapter 16 to be one of the most interesting chapters in the book because it brings up the shortcomings of DSM in the diagnosis of mental disorders. The most prominent of those problems is the categorical approach of the manual. Categories draw clear diagnostic boundaries which might not be applicable to real-life situations. If, for example, an individual fails to meet an extra category to be diagnosed with a mental disorder, it doesn’t mean that they aren’t experiencing mental difficulties. These categories also overlap meaning that multiple disorders can be diagnosed when they don’t actually exist. In this case, the risk of comorbidities might be exaggerated causing professionals to implement unnecessary treatments. One of such comorbidities the book mentions is a borderline personality disorder and depression (Burke et al., 2016). Professionals could feel inclined to prescribe antidepressants which would cause needless dangerous side effects one of which is suicidal tendencies.

Another model was introduced which implements a dimensional approach but is deemed too complex. This complexity, however, is judged by professionals regardless of its efficiency. A similar trend was seen before when unstructured interviews were used more often than structured interviews even though they were much less effective. The question then comes down to whether or not the professionals are willing to dedicate more time and effort to using the experimental method to improve the treatment approaches. Furthermore, many disorder diagnostics require the symptoms to cause distress in the life of the individuals. However, according to Burke and colleagues (2016), many people with personality disorders get accustomed to their personalities and experience no distress at all. What are some ways in which we can overcome this barrier to get these individuals the help they need? Finally, many of the disorders are actually treated the same way. Do you think it would be appropriate to group disorders by their treatment rather than the way they are grouped in the current DSM?


Burke, B. L., Trost, S. E., deRoon-Cassini, T. A., & Bernstein, D. A. (2016). Abnormal psychology (2nd ed.). Academic Media Solutions. 


Module 12


While reading Chapter 17, “Paraphilic Disorders and Legal Issues”, I was very weirded out but interested by the different paraphilic disorders presented throughout the chapter. This was because some of the paraphilic disorders presented were new to me and were disorders that I never knew would exist. Additionally, I was really interested in the section regarding the legal and ethical aspects of treating people with mental disorders. It reminded me of a celebrity who was treated for having a mental disorder.

One thing that stood out to me that really confused me was fetishistic disorder. I was confused because the textbook says that “paraphilic disorders would be diagnosed because the paraphilia causes negative consequences for the individual or for the others” (574). In other words, I don’t really understand how fetishistic disorder would cause any negative consequences to the individual or for others. In the way they display fetishistic disorder, it seems like it is something that would only happen in the bedroom and not in public. Therefore, I don’t really see it as problematic as something such as frotteuristic disorder.

Another thing that really stood out to me while reading was the paraphilic disorder that falls under lust murder. This paraphilic disorder stood out to me as it reminded me of an article that I had read in the past. In the article, it mentions that there is some sort of link between sex dolls and serial killers/psychopaths. To be specific, it mentions how a serial killer, by the name Jeffrey Dahmer, had started his “killing spree” after his excessive time around sex dolls. He would then kill those whom he was interested in at the time and would use their corpse for intercourse as if it was a sex doll. Lust murder reminded me of this article because although Dahmer didn’t find sexual gratification from the death of human beings, he had gratification from having sexual intercourse with the people he killed deceased. In this case, I believe it would also somewhat count as lust murder as his murder was driven by his lust.

Another topic that stood out to me while reading this chapter was the legal and ethical aspects of treating people with mental disorders. This was because it really reminded me of Britney Spears and her case with receiving treatment through rehabilitation. I was reminded of Britney Spears because I believe that she was wrongfully put into a mental health facility. From what I remember when I was reading the news in the past, Britney Spears was forced into rehabilitation because she objected to doing a rehearsal. I believe this isn’t right and the mental health facility shouldn’t have accepted her and let her go. Furthermore, I believe that Britney Spears was just taken advantage of by her father, Jamie Spears. This is because her father would force her to perform, disregarding her health and her opinion, using Britney for her money. I also remember that her father would force her to do concerts despite her condition as well as he was verbally abusive toward her and would have alcoholic relapses. This shows how this case did not really seem legal or ethical when it came to treating Britney Spears as she was taken advantage of by her father and used for his benefits.

To conclude, I believe this chapter really did a great job at ending the course and wrapping everything up. I was delighted that I took this class as I was able to learn many things about mental illnesses such as how to diagnose them and the causes of different mental illnesses. The information in this course was very intriguing and some aspects even surprised me.




I always found it interesting when it comes to serial killers, whether or not it was truly “their fault” for what they do. To me, although serial killers are extremely dangerous and pose a threat to others, is the treatment we give to them (death penalty, etc.) deserved if they can’t help it? I believe that psychologists should be diagnosing these individuals and providing treatment plans for them while they remain in the confines away from society (for the safety of others). Because of the fact that paraphilic disorders can be caused by actual physiological differences, I definitely believe that they are not completely at fault. Based on that, it’s surprising that the way we deal with serial killers is to simply lock them up and give them a death sentence when it is an actual medical disorder. Of course, though, these people cannot remain in society for the sole reason of safety to others, but there still should be ongoing treatment to help alleviate their tendencies and maybe have them stay at a psychiatric hospital instead. The one area I would be unsure about more is what would happen after the treatment, as it may still pose a significant threat to allow them to be released into society.

Another controversial topic is pedophilia because of the harm it does to children. This one, however, I feel is the responsibility of the individual to avoid engaging in these sexual relations. Of course, one cannot prevent feeling a certain way to a child if it is a sexual fantasy, as many people have their own unique fantasies that they cannot control. However, one does not need to act upon these fantasies and can make an effort to avoid being near children if needed. There is a negative stigma against people with pedophilia, and I believe that the stigma should be changed if it is not an active threat to others. It is not something one can change their desires on, so I don’t feel it is right to shame these individuals into hiding and hence prevent them from seeking out treatment. An interesting question though regarding self-control is if serial killers could control themselves. I honestly don’t know how possible it is, but it would be an interesting area to study for both of these disorders.

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