1.Construct arguments for or against cohabitation before marriage. Please support your arguments with material learned in the course.


2. We have seen a number of changes over recent years with laws, movements and alike making significant impacts on people’s lives. Please select a recent article, from a legitimate news source, that discuss topics related to our course. Please write a two page reaction to the article that includes your thoughts and impressions, whether the article was biased or leading in any direction and potential impacts.

Please remember to include a link to the original article.

1.Construct arguments for or against cohabitation before marriage. Please support your arguments with material learned in the course. https://books.google.com/books?id=_SA6DwAAQBAJ&lpg=PT43&pg
Summary FRIENDSHIPS• Girls’ friendships are more intimate than those of boys. Girls tend to have a few close friendships whereas boys have larger, less inti- mate friendship groups. • Both college women and men like to talk to their friends about the other gender. However, women’s conversations more than men’s focus on interpersonal issues. • Emotional closeness is important to the friendships of both heterosexual and lesbian women but is more central to women’s than men’s friendships. • Gender socialization and heterosexual males’ perceived connection between emotional closeness and homosexuality are two explana- tions for the gender difference. • Friendships among older women enhance physical and mental health. ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS • Heterosexual women are more likely than heterosexual men to value a romantic part- ner’s financial stability and less likely to place importance on physical attractiveness. Similarly, lesbian women put less emphasis on physical attractiveness than gay men do. • Heterosexual and gay men put more empha – sis on the physical attractiveness of a potential partner than heterosexual and lesbian women. • Middle-aged women are more likely than middle-aged men to be dissatisfied with their appearance. • Romantic relationships are commonly charac- terized by traditional gender-related behaviors and roles. When there is a power imbalance, the male is generally viewed as the more pow- erful partner. • The age when adolescents start to date has decreased. • Many dating behaviors are strongly gender- stereotypical. • Men are more likely than women to perceive nonsexual behaviors, such as a female asking out a male, as indicative of sexual interest. • Current dating trends include development of urban “partnering markets,” online dat- ing services, speed-dating, and dating among older singles. COMMITTED RELATIONSHIPS • Most women and men marry, but the age of marriage has gone up in recent years. • High levels of marital satisfaction are related to problem-focused coping strategies, similar- ity of goals, values, and attitudes, and good communication. • Marital satisfaction decreases when children are born and increases when they leave home. • Women and men who are married are happier and healthier than their unmarried counter- parts. • More men than women are married in later life. • Cohabiters who do not intend to marry tend to be less satisfied with their relationships than married individuals. • Married couples who previously cohabited are more likely to get divorced. This might be accounted for by a selection effect. • Most lesbians are in committed, egalitarian, sexually exclusive relationships. Although many experience stressors not encountered by heterosexuals, they are similar to their hetero- sexual counterparts in their relationship satis- faction. • Older lesbians in committed relationships provide each other with a mutual support sys- tem and shared economic benefits. SINGLE WOMEN • About 40 percent of U.S. marriages end in divorce. • Divorce is associated with stressors for both women and their children. • Despite initial emotional problems, both women and children tend to effectively adjust. • Divorced women are generally less depressed than those in unhappy marriages. • Employment and social support help women cope during the postdivorce period. Chapter 8 Relationships If You Want to Know More Baker, M. & Elizabeth, V. (2014). Marriage in an age of cohabitation: How and when people tie the knot in the 21st century. New York: Oxford University Press. Bookwala, J. (2016). Couple relationships in the middle and later years: Their nature, complexity, and role in health and illness. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. DePaulo, B. (2011). Singlism: What it is, why it matters, and how to stop it. DoubleDoor Books. deToledo, S. & Brown, D.E. (2013). Grandparents as par- ents: A survival guide for raising a second family. New York: Guilford. Dixon, P. (2017). African American relationships, mar – riages, and families (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge. Fentiman, L.C. (2017). Blaming mothers: American law and the risks to human health. New York: New York University Press. Golombok, S. (2015). Modern families: Parents and chil- dren in new family forms. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Lamanna, M.A. & Riedmann, A. (2014). Marriages, fami- lies, and relationships: Making choices in a diverse society (2nd ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. Marze, E.H. (2013). Widowhood. Mustang, OK: Tate. Mezey, M.J. (2015). LGBT families. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Nielsen, L. (2012). Father-daughter-relationships: Con- temporary research and issues. New York: Routledge. Strong, B. & Cohen, T.F. (2013). The marriage and fami- ly experience: Intimate relationships in a changing society. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning Systems. Traister, R. (2016). All the single ladies: Unmarried women and the rise of an independent nation . New York: Simon & Schuster. Willie, C.V. & Reddick, R.J. (2010). A new look at Black families. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. • Single women report mixed feelings about being unattached. Some regret the absence of a steady partner, some are satisfied living alone, and some become involved in romantic rela- tionships. Many are highly involved in social networks of relatives, friends, and neighbors. • Single women have skills in independent liv – ing and in building support systems. • Women are more likely than men to be wid- owed but are much less likely to remarry. • Reaction to widowhood depends on several fac- tors including age, degree of forewarning of the spouse’s death, and financial and social resources. • Loss of a same-sex partner may be very stressful. MOTHERHOOD • The good mother stereotype can lead to moth- ers being blamed and mothers’ self-blame if something goes wrong or if the mothers devi- ate from the ideal stereotype. • Many single mothers face financial problems. Social support, as well as extended and aug- mented families, can help single mothers cope. • Lesbian and heterosexual mothers are similar in mothering style and adjustment. Children reared in lesbian and heterosexual families are similar in their psychological and social adjustment and their sexual orientation. • Most women report positive feelings about the “empty nest” period. Women who were employed during the childrearing years find it easier to relinquish the parental role. RELATIONSHIPS IN THE LATER YEARS • Feelings of closeness among siblings increase during adulthood, and the sister–sister bond is especially strong. • Older women generally have positive relation- ships with their adult daughters. • Unmarried older adults, most of whom are women, prefer living alone. Living with an adult child is the least popular choice, espe- cially among Whites. • The closeness of the grandparent–grandchild relationship depends on many factors. • More grandparents than ever live in multi- generation households, particularly in ethnic minority groups. • Increasing numbers of grandmothers are rear- ing their grandchildren. • Growing numbers of older adults, especially women, are caregivers of their parents. Websites Lesbian Mothers http://www.lesbian.org/lesbian-moms/ http://www.lifewithroozle.com/2013/05/11/ lesbian-motherhood/ Living Arrangements Senior Living Alternatives http://www.senioralternatives.com/ Parents with Disabilities http://www.ncd.gov/publications/2012/Sep272012/ Ch13 http://www.disabledparentrights.orgCaregiving National Alliance for Caregiving http://www.caregiving.org Grandparents http://www.aarp.org/relationships/grandparenting/ http://www.grandparents.com/gp/home/index.html http://www.aarp.org/relationships/friends-family/info- 08-2011/grandfamilies-guide-getting-started.html

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