Important Stuff to Remember About Your Research Essay:1. You will revise your position essay into a research essay by integrating quotes and paraphrases into it from outside sources.2. You should have a minimum of three sources. Each of these sources must come from Valencia’s databases. (I highly recommend using Opposing Viewpoints, Points of View, and Newsstand.) Also, each source must be listed on the Works Cited page using proper MLA guidelines.3. You should have a minimum of six quotes or citations. Each quote or paraphrase must be taken from one of your chosen sources. Also, each quote or paraphrase must be in the proper MLA format for in-text citations.4. Your essay should be between 1,000-1,200 words. Of course, you are revising your position essay into a research paper by adding quotes and paraphrases, so you already have a minimum of 800 words before you even begin.5. The entire essay should be in MLA format. In other words, do not include a cover page, an abstract, photos, or nonstandard fonts.6. You must submit your essay as an MSWord attachment. Any other format will not be accepted.7. Your research essay will be checked for plagiarism. Please do not be tempted into copying an essay or sections of an essay from somewhere else. If you have uncredited passages from outside sources, you could get a “0” on this essay!



Important Stuff to Remember About Your Research Essay: 1. You will revise your position essay into a research essay by integrating quotes and paraphrases into it from outside sources. 2. You should h
Miranda 1 Name Prof. English Composition Narrative Essay October 9, 2022 U.S Immigration Policy America does not need tougher immigration laws. The draconian immigration policies have led to flawed public opinion. The conventional views demonstrate misinformation, misrepresentation, and demagoguery. This lack of facts has led to a perception that migrants are a threat to native workers as well as low-skilled minority workers. Such views have led to the mainstream economic assertion that what the United States requires is a reduction of the supply of immigrants. Demagogue leaders have failed to demonstrate the positive effects of immigration on the U.S economy. They instead choose to address issues such as medical care, national security, education, and immigrant criminality, which raise public emotions leading to more negative effects such as reduced public support for social policies. It is a fact that immigration can solve the U.S’s labor problems because the majority of the native population is aging. However, instead of the government supporting solid labor policies such as guestworker programs or amnesty programs, they are busy advocating for the reduction of the supply of immigrants because to them labor is similar to marketable commodities such as broccoli or fruits. They believe that a continued increase in the number of immigrants will lead to an oversupply of labor, disadvantaging both the high and low-skilled native workers. The immigration laws of 1965 to the present have led to a disgraceful war on immigrants because leaders focus on pleasing the native population instead of exercising rational thinking. For them, the immigration of low-skilled immigrants is undesirable because it leads to increased competition for low-skilled jobs, which reduces the wages of low-skilled native-born workers and worsens income distribution. Leaders and institutions insist that the major problem facing America is the increased immigration of unauthorized Latino immigrants. Before the implementation of highly restrictive policies, the Latino population in the U.S was 14.5 million. However, after the restrictive policies of 1986 during President Reagan’s era, the population of undocumented immigrants rose to 37.4 million. The administration redefined immigration, terming it a national security issue. They enacted the Immigration Reform and Control Act that focused on the expansion of border control as well as criminalized the hiring of undocumented workers. Due to fear of not being allowed to come back, it became risky for undocumented immigrants in the United States to go home. In other terms, many Latinos immigrating to the United States are not after a permanent residency but a temporary space to look for capital so that they can invest or build a house back home. Therefore, these Latino immigrants are permanently settling in the U.S because restrictive immigration policies do not allow them to return home, which means that the current problem of the rising population of immigrants is due to poor government policies. Such policies create routes for unauthorized immigration because immigrants Congress has made it difficult for people to immigrate legally. The U.S government treats immigrant workers as outsiders, failing to implement a functioning regulatory system. It means that no matter how long the undocumented immigrants have been in the United States, most have no way of achieving legal status be it on a temporary or permanent basis. It is a shame that even those fleeing their home countries due to violence or drug wars cannot secure humanitarian protection in the United States. Instead, concerned agencies and institutions continue to spread fear of persecution based on race and religion. The punitive immigration policies have not only led to an increase in the population of undocumented immigrants but also an increase in violence among minority communities and reduced public support for social policies (Brady & Finnigan, 2014). According to Shihadeh & Barranco (2010), the Immigration Act of 1965 blocked legal avenues for Latino migration, which forced many to enter the United States using illegal means. Many Latinos could not go back home because it became impossible for them to return, leading to permanent settlement. The continued increase of the Latino population led to a conflict between Latinos and African Americans leading to black violence. In line with the study’s view, violence is an unintended consequence of poor U.S immigration policy. The Latinos invaded jobs in the construction and agricultural sectors that were traditionally reserved for African Americans. Additionally, Latinos have a good knowledge of where to look for jobs, what wages to ask for, and what kind of jobs to avoid. Such incidences pushed many African Americans into unemployment, forcing them to engage in criminal activities. The negative attitude surrounding immigration has inhibited people’s willingness to invest in public goods the reason being that social welfare programs are aimed at helping illegal immigrants. Such ethnic heterogeneity has reduced welfare whereby a majority of native-borns play the race card during the enacting of any welfare programs. Conclusively, for the United States to reduce the problem of undocumented immigrants, the government has to implement an accommodative and well-functioning legal immigration system that supports guest workers and asylum programs. Both local and national institutions need to recognize undocumented workers as insiders or members of the American labor force, which will increase their bargaining power, thus securing the wages of low-skilled native workers. Additionally, the current system directs its resources to prevent individuals from entering the country promoting permanent residency of the undocumented immigrants fearing being blocked to return after going to their home countries. The permanent settlements increase minority populations, which leads to conflicts, as minority communities compete for few available jobs, and low support for social welfare policies. References Amuedo-Dorantes, C., & Pozo, S. (2019). The aftermath of tougher immigration enforcement: E-Verify and perceptions of discrimination among Hispanic citizens. American Behavioral Scientist, 63(9), 1299-1330. Brady, D., & Finnigan, R. (2014). Does immigration undermine public support for social policy?. American sociological review, 79(1), 17-42. Champlin, D. (2010). Institutionalist perspectives on immigration policy: An update. Journal of Economic Issues, 44(2), 301-312. Mukherjee, S., Adams, G., & Molina, L. E. (2018). Support for tough immigration policy: Identity defense or concern for law and order?. Journal of Social Issues, 74(4), 700-715. Shihadeh, E. S., & Barranco, R. E. (2010). Latino employment and Black violence: The unintended consequence of US immigration policy. Social Forces, 88(3), 1393-1420.

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