In this week’s media presentations, Ms. Marren and Dr. Fernando Guerra discussed the importance of community assessment when determining the needs of the community and health promotion or intervention programs. In addition, Dr. Sattler examined the influence of the environment on the health of a community, along with occupational health concerns.
Community assessment is one of the three core functions of public health nursing and is the process of thinking critically about the community. It involves a logical, systematic approach to identify a community’s needs, problems (including environmental and occupational problems), and strengths and resources. Assessment of the health of a community can begin with a simple windshield assessment: a drive through the community noting strengths and problems. Community assessment also includes data gathering through examining vital statistics, and the demographics of the community.
To prepare for this Application, review the media presentations for this week and Chapter 18 in the textbook on community assessment. In addition, use Table 18–5 on page 420 in the course textbook to guide your windshield assessment. Incorporate your windshield assessment with your Application.
Conduct an assessment of the community in which you live, including a windshield assessment. Then, write a 3- to 4-page paper that includes the following:
Occupational health hazards
Resources available in the community Other pertinent information about the community
(Incorporate information from the windshield assessment into the paper.)
Resources /references/media( please review )
Media Video: Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). Family, community and population-based care: Assessing the community. Baltimore: Author.
Chapter 18, “Community as Client: Assessment and Analysis”
In Chapter 18, the authors classify a community by its category, or typology (e.g., community of action capability, community of identifiable need). The chapter defines community health and offers strategies for improving it. Assessment, planning, and evaluation are three important steps in community-focused nursing.