The purpose of this Assignment is to give you a practical application to implement your PICOT idea, supported by the evidence-based research you have obtained in during your systematic review. You will apply evidence-based research findings, discovered from your clinical question, and then integrate those to support your suggested change in nursing practice.

Directions: Identify your refined PICOT question.Using PubMed and the Cochrane collaboration database, do a systematic review of your clinical question.Describe your systematic review and include an errors analysis.Determine an evidence-based qualitative article from the search that contains an evidence-based randomized control trial.Summarize the case study selected.Describe the study approach, sample size, and population studied.Apply the evidence from this review to your practice specifically in your overview.Evaluate the outcomes, identifying the validity and reliability.Discuss if the study contained any bias.Determine the level of evidence identified in the review.The length should be no less than 10 Pages in APA format.


My PICOT question is

For individuals with history of alcohol abuse (P) would providing alcohol brief interventions (ABI) (I) help prevent relapse (O) for a period of at least 12 consecutive months (T) compared to individuals that choose to manage their addiction with the standard treatment or no treatment at all(C)?

Use articles from the ones below or others but from PUBMed or Cochrane databases






Bager, P., & Vilstrup, H. (2010). Post Discharge Brief Interventions Increases the Frequency of Alcohol Abstinence-A Randomized Trial. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 21, 37-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10884601003628104


Clossick, E., & Woodward, S. (2014, June). Effectiveness of Alcohol Brief Interventions in General Practice. British Journal of Nursing, 23, 574-580. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4f5c8a27-1cf5-4ec2-ba30-11bdb341896d%40sessionmgr4004&vid=8&hid=4103


Conner, K., Huguet, N., Caetano, R., Giesbrecht, N., McFarland, B., Nolte, K. B., & Kaplan, M. S. (2014). Acute Use of Alcohol and Methods of Suicide in a U.S National Sample. American Journal of Public Health, 104, 171-178. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301352


Cund, A. (2013, January). Alcohol education revisited: Exploring how much time we devote to alcohol education in the nursing curriculum. Nurse Education in Practice, 13, 35-39. http://dx.doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2012.07.005


Govier, A., & Rees, C. (2013, August 14). Reducing alcohol-related health risks: the role of the nurse. Nursing Standard, 50, 42-46. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4f5c8a27-1cf5-4ec2-ba30-11bdb341896d%40sessionmgr4004&vid=54&hid=4103


Keating, G. (2014, January). Nalmefene: a guide to its use in alcohol dependence. Drugs and Therapy Perspectives, 30, 10-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40267-013-0093-1


Maisel, N., Blodgett, J. C., Wilbourne, P., Humphreys, K., & Finney, J. W. (2013, February). Meta-Analysis of Naltrexone and Acramprosate for Treating Alcohol Use Disorders:  When are these medications most helpful? Addiction, 108, 275-293. http://dx.doi.org/:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04054.x


Montoya, I. (2013, Winter). The Pathology of Alcohol Use and Abuse. Clinical Laboratory Science, 26, 15-22. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4f5c8a27-1cf5-4ec2-ba30-11bdb341896d%40sessionmgr4004&vid=47&hid=4103


Nick, H., & McCambridge, J. (2013, Frebruary 13). Post Treatment Stage of Change Predicts 12 months Outcome of Treatment for Alcohol Problems. Alcohol and Alcoholholism, 48, 329-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agt006


Nielsen, P. (2010). Brief Alcohol Intervention, where to from here? Challlenges Remain for Research and Practice. Society for the Study of Addiction, 954-959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02779.x


Pengpid, S., Pelzer, K., Skaal, L., Van Der Heever, H., & Van Hal, G. (2012). Screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems in Dr George Mukhari Hospital out- patients in Gauteng, South Africa: a single- blinded randomized controlled trial protocol. BMC Public Health, 12(127), 1-6. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4f5c8a27-1cf5-4ec2-ba30-11bdb341896d%40sessionmgr4004&vid=11&hid=4103


Saitz, R. (2010, November). Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in Primary Care:  Absence of Evidence for Efficacy in People with Dependence or Very Heavy Drinking. Drug and Alcohol Review, 29, 631-640. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00217.x


Trevisan, L. (2014, May 9). Elderly Alcohol Use Disorders: Epidemiology, Screening, and Assessment Issues. Psychiatric Times, 31(5), 1-4. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4f5c8a27-1cf5-4ec2-ba30-11bdb341896d%40sessionmgr4004&vid=15&hid=4103


Williams, E. C., Johnson, L., Lapham, G. T., & Caldeiron, R. M. (2011). Strategies to Implement Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in Primary Care Settings: A Structured Literature Review. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 206-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0022102


World Health Organization. (2014). Screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful alcohol use. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/evidence/alcohol/q1/en/



Please see Grading rubric  attached in order to cover all points





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