Problem •  Ask a question about something observed. •  Why? •  How? •  What? •  Question to be solved. •  Must be about something measurable.

2. Research: •  Gather information. Write a summary about what you already know or have learned about your topic

3. Hypothesis •  Educated guess about how things work. •  Prediction •  Use If, then statements •  If ____ [ I do this ], then _____ [ this will happen ] •  Focus on one variable only.

4. Materials :  •  List every item that is needed to do the experiment. Include equipment as well as materials.

5. Safety:  •  Write all of the safety precautions to be taken.

6. Experiment   (List a step-by-step procedure for conducting your experiment) •  Tests your hypothesis. •  Is it accepted (right) or rejected (wrong) ? •  Change only one variable at a time. •  Use a control or control group •  ( A group that has nothing done to it. Standard used for comparison in an experiment.) •  In order for results to be valid, conduct several tests.

7. Observed Results:  •  Use a  data table  to record your information.  •  A complete record of your observations and/or results.  •  Note any accidents, mistakes, unusual or unexpected observations and additional information which surfaces.

8. Conclusion •  Use the data from your results and make an appropriate  graph – pie, bar, OR line graph  to represent you final results.  •  Summary of your experiment: o  After your experiment, analyze your data to see if your hypothesis was accepted or rejected. o  If hypothesis is rejected, give possible reasons for the difference between your hypothesis and the experimental results. o  Then, note any additional comments, explanations of why the results did or did not match your hypothesis. Also note any information that you learned from your research.


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